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The End of the Feudal System in Banyumas, Central Java: Studies on the Impact of Colonial Intervention in the Sectors of Bureaucracy and Socio-Economic, 1830-1930

Tanto Sukardi

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Banyumas area, since the beginning of the 17th century, was part of the “Mancanegara Kilen region (outside region of the western part) of the Mataram Kingdom in Central Java, which was then changed into a part of Kasunanan Surakarta since the Giyanti Agreement was signed in 1755. In terms of economics, Banyumas was very important for the central government of the kingdom, both as a food source and a source of labor. When the colonial held power on the area, the prolific and densely populated was deemed a potential for the implementation of forced cultivation of sugar cane and indigo. The traditional life in Banyumas, in its development, had undergone a shift as a result of the interaction with the colonial system of the implented forced cultivation system in 1830. The purpose of the research is to explain: (1) feudal characteristic system in Banyumas; (2) feudal system support; (3) traditional factor that support the feudal system; (4) colonial intervention; and (5) the end of feudal system in Banyumas. The result can be concluded that the feudal system in Banyumas has had characteristic in traditional bureaucracy and succession system. Feudal system in Banyumas was supported by traditional social structure, land ownership system, and the forced labor (rodi) system. Colonial intervention intensively implemented in the sectors of bureaucracy, labor, and economic money system. The end of feudal system in Banyumas marked with the occurrence of the social structure shift and the appearance of new social class in that area.

KEY WORDS: Feudal system, colonial intervention, bureaucracy, Banyumas area, succession system, socio-economic sector, and social structure shift.

About the Author: Dr. Tanto Sukardi is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of History Education, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training UMP (Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto), Jalan Raya Dukuhwaluh, Purwokerto City, Central Java, Indonesia. For academic interests, the author can be contacted via e-mail at: tanto_sukardi@yahoo.com

How to cite this article? Sukardi, Tanto. (2015). “The End of the Feudal System in Banyumas, Central Java: Studies on the Impact of Colonial Intervention in the Sectors of Bureaucracy and Socio-Economic, 1830-1930” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.6(2) April, pp.177-188. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UNHAS Makassar, ISSN 2085-0980.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (November 10, 2014); Revised (February 15, 2015); and Published (April 28, 2015).


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