Iq options Iq-option No Brasil

Syair Perang Mengkassar: A Historiography Through Sufistic Poetry

Bambang Sulistyo

Abstract


ABSTRACT: “Syair Perang Mengkassar” (Mengkasar war poetry) tells the history of the Makassar war that took place between years of 1666 to 1669. The war of the Makassar party consisting of Goa and Tallo (both are commonly called the Makassar) which includes Malay, Wajo, Mandar, Bima, Sumbawa, Dompu, and Minangkabau as well as the Portuguese and the British against the Dutch with allies of Buginese, Soppeng, Ternate, Ambon, and Buton. The war ended with the victory of the Dutch. In explaining this war, the author (Enci Amin) puts Sultan Goa and his allied as the right side, while his opponents described as perverted thieves, heretics, ghosts, demons, and the devil. This is interesting because the authors of traditional history usually support the winning side. Besides, at a glance of this verse same as the other of traditional historiography. But if observed carefully, it would seem that he has differences with other similar works, including a nature of the Sufi (mysticism in Islam). This paper seeks to explain the background and methodology of writing, so this poem deserves mention as Malay Sufistic historiography. The poetry written by Enci Amin, a Johore Malay and Makassar ancestry with his subjectivity to Malay culture. “Syair Perang Mengkassar” was still appearing as traditional historiography of the king sentries’ style. King was placed as an ideal figure, either in thought, behavior, feelings, and religion. The poetry combines history with religion, even adopting a description of the view of history as a struggle between good and divine truth against evil and the devil.

KEY WORDS: “Syair Perang Mengkassar”, history of the Makassar war, Goa and Tallo, Buginese, the Dutch, and good and divine truth against evil and the devil.

About the Author: Dr. Bambang Sulistyo is a Lecturer at the Department of History, Faculty of Humanities UNHAS (Hasanuddin University), Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan Km.10 Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. For academic purposes, the author can be contacted via e-mail at: bambang5ulistyo@yahoo.com

How to cite this article? Sulistyo, Bambang. (2015). “Syair Perang Mengkassar: A Historiography Through Sufistic Poetry” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.6(2) April, pp.129-138. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UNHAS Makassar, ISSN 2085-0980.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (March 2, 2015); Revised (April 2, 2015); and Published (April 28, 2015).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurazak, Daeng Patunru. (1995). Sejarah Wajo. Makassar: YKSS [Yayasan Kebudayaan Sulawesi Selatan].

Andaya, Leonad Y. (2004). Warisan Arung Palakka: Sejarah Sulawesi Selatan Abad ke-17. Makassar: Penerbit Inninawa, Translation.

Cence, A.A. (1970). Beberapa Tjatatan Mengenai Penulisan Sedjarah Makassar-Bugis. Djakarta: Penerbit Bharata, Translation.

Frederick, William & Soeri Suroto. (2008). Pemahaman dan Metodologi Sejarah. Jakarta: Penerbit LP3ES.

Ghani al-Taftazani, Abu al-Wafa’al. (1985). Sufi dari Zaman ke Zaman. Bandung: Penerbit Pustaka, Translation.

Gising, Basrah. (2002). Sejarah Kerajaan Tanete. Makassar: Penerbit Sama Jaya.

Kasseng, Syahruddin et al. (1986/1987). Pengkajian (Transliterasi dan Terjemahan) Lontara Bilang Raja Gowa dan Tallok (Naskah Makassar). Makassar: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Proyek Penelitian dan Pengkajian Kebudayaan Sulawesi Selatan Lagaligo.

Kern, R.A. (1987). I Lagaligo. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, Translation.

Lombard, Denys. (1986). Kerajaan Aceh: Jaman Sultan Iskandar Muda, 1607-1636. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, Translation.

Poelinggomang, Edward L. (1991). Proteksi dan Perdagangan Makassar pada Abad ke-19. Amsterdam: Centrale Huisdrukkerij, Translation.

Rahman, Nurhayati. (2006). Cina, Laut, dan Kekuasaan dalam Epos La Galigo (Episode Pelayaran Sawerigading ke Tanah Cina): Perspektif Filologi dan Semiotik. Makassar: La Galigo Press.

Reid, Anthony. (2002). Sejarah Modern Awal Asia Tenggara. Jakarta: Penerbit LP3ES.

Skinner, C. [ed]. (2008). Enci Amin (Juru Tulis Sultan Hasanuddin): Syair Perang Mengkassar, Sebuah Reportase Sastrawi Bergaya Melayu dari Juru Tulis Sultan Hasanuddin tentang Kejatuhan Salah Satu Kerajaan Terbesar di Abad XVII. Jakarta: Penerbit KITLV, Translation.

Sulistyo, Bambang & Muhklis Paeni. (1994). Dimensi Budaya dalam Pembangunan di Sulawesi Selatan. Makassar: Lembaga Studi Pembangunan dan Kawasan UNHAS [Universitas Hasanuddin].

Sulistyo, Bambang. (2007). “Multikulturalisme Bima”. Paper presented in the Simposium Internasional tentang Pernaskahan Nusantara in Bima, Indonesia, on 26-28 July.

Sulistyo, Bambang. (2010). “Hang Tuah: Antara Fakta Politik dan Budaya Nusantara”. Paper presented in the Seminar Internasional Serumpun, jointly organized by UNHAS [Universitas Hasanuddin] and UKM [Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia] in Makassar, on July.

Sulistyo, Bambang. (2012a). “Beberapa Keunggulan Syair Perang Makassar”. Paper presented in the Seminar Internasional Penghargaan Lagaligo sebagai Warisan Dunia, organized by Fakultas Sastra UNHAS [Universitas Hasanuddin] in Makassar, on 27 April 2012.

Sulistyo, Bambang. (2012b). Makassar Multikultural. Makassar: Penerbit UNHAS [Universitas Hasanuddin].