So be on the lookout for our free trade alerts.

Editorial Cartoon Visual Metaphor in Jakarta Newspapers at 1950-1957

Priyanto Sunarto

Abstract


ABSTRACT: The purpose of this historical study is to investigate the relationship among visual metaphor in editorial cartoon with political and cultural situations at the Parliamentary Democracy period in Indonesia (1950-1959). As a new nation-state, Indonesia had just begun to experiment with democracy. The multi-party parliamentary system with symmetrical power sharing had triggered severe competition among political parties which tried to bring down each other. This feud was clearly and openly written in polemics found in many newspapers in Jakarta at that time. In such an atmosphere could observe the role of editorial cartoon be easily. This political openness could, then, stimulate a rich variety of visual metaphorical patterns and editorial cartoon emotive attitudes. This research is using qualitative method, analyzing artefacts by surfing the cultural network encapsulating them. This study presents empirical evidence showing a strong relationship between the editorial cartoons and the political side the media is taking, along with the political and cultural situations which support them. A political symmetric situation gives a free opportunity to the editorial cartoon to express metaphor with an open emotive attitude.

KEY WORDS: Newspaper, Parliamentary Democracy period in Indonesia, editorial cartoon, visual metaphor, meaning, and emotive aspect.

About the Author: Dr. Ir. Priyanto Sunarto is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Art and Design ITB (Bandung Institute of Technology), Jalan Ganesha No. 10 Tamansari, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. He can be reached at: fleur2ria@yahoo.com

How to cite this article? Sunarto, Priyanto. (2012). “Editorial Cartoon Visual Metaphor in Jakarta Newspapers at 1950-1957” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.3(2) April, pp.211-234. Bandung, Indonesia: ASPENSI [Asosiasi Sarjana Pendidikan Sejarah Indonesia] and UVRI [Universitas Veteran Republik Indonesia], ISSN 2085-0980.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (February 19, 2012); Revised (March 22, 2012); and Published (April 28, 2012).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson, Benedict R.O’G. (1990). Language and Power: Exploring Political Cultures in Indonesia. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

Anderson, Benedict R.O’G. (2004). Imagined Communities. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

Berger, Arthur Asa. (1989). Seeing is Believing. California: Mayfield Publishing.

Buchanan, Richard. (1995). “Declaration by Design: Rhetoric, Argument, and Demonstration in Design Practice” in Victor Margolin [ed]. Design Discourse. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp.91-109.

Feith, Herbert. (1964). The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

Feith, Herbert. (1999). Pemilihan Umum 1955. Jakarta: PT Gramedia, Translation.

Fischer, Louis. (1959). The Story of Indonesia. New York: Harper & Brothers.

Gombrich, E.H. (1960). Art and Illusion. London: Princeton University Press.

Gombrich, E.H. (1963). A Hobby Horse and Other Essays on Theory of Art. London: Phaidon Press.

Harries, Karsten. (1978). “Metaphor and the Cultivation of Intimacy” in Sheldon Sack [ed]. On Metaphor. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp.71-73.

Horn, Maurice [ed]. (1980). World Encyclopedia of Cartoons. London and New York: Chelsea House Publisher.

Mahamood, Mulyadi. (1999). Kartun dan Kartunis. Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia: Stilglow Sdn. Bhd.

Sibarani, Agustine. (1957a). “Karikatur Punja Dunia Sendiri” in newspaper of Bintang Timur. Djakarta: 23 Djuli.

Sibarani, Agustine. (1957b). “Satyre Sosial” in newspaper of Bintang Timur. Djakarta: 31 Desember.

Sibarani, Augustin. (2001). Karikatur dan Politik. Jakarta: ISAI [Institut Studi Arus Informasi].

Simanjuntak, Togi [ed]. (1998). Wartawan Terpasung. Jakarta: ISAI [Institut Studi Arus Informasi].

Smith, Edward C. (1983). Pembreidelan Pers di Indonesia. Jakarta: Grafiti Pers, Translation.

Soekiman, Djoko. (2000). Kebudayaan Indis. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Bentang Budaya.

St. Hill, Thomas Nast. (1971). Thomas Nast. New York: Dover.

Sukarno. (1963). Di Bawah Bendera Revolusi. Djakarta: Penerbit Panitia Dibawah Bendera Revolusi.

Suwirta, Andi. (2004). “Atang Ruswita, Pikiran Rakyat, dan Kritik Sosial” in Asmawi Zainul & Didin Saripudin [eds]. 50 Tahun Jurusan Pendidikan Sejarah FPIPS UPI, 1954-2004: Mozaik Pemikiran tentang Sejarah, Pendidikan Sejarah, dan Budaya. Bandung: Historia Utama Press, pp.461-487.

Wagiono. (1982). “The Change of Styles in American Graphic Satires”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. New York: Pratt University.