https://topbox.de ich suche halle scheune garage. betting sites

Sharing, Preserving, and Transforming the Past: Brunei’s Islamic Model of Cultural Dialogue and Development

Iik Arifin Mansurnoor

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Brunei Darussalam is a unique political entity in Southeast Asia. It obviously maintains the structure and form of a tradi­tional political system. It also claims affinity and origin in Islam, Malay, and Monarchy. The Sultan has been leader and ruler for the country and Muslims. In Brunei, the ruler is also the head of Islam. The official version of religious practices is derived from the Shāfi`ī school, even though adoption of other opinions is permitted, especially if public welfare requires such an undertak­ing. This paper exposes on Brunei’s experience in upholding Islam and keeping close to its cultural heritage that facilitates its smooth moving forward to take part in globalized world. In Brunei, like the most parts of the Malay world, Islam transforms religion without political dislocation and dynastic change. This could not happen without the quality of the new religion and peace it propagates. The manifestation of Islam in Brunei represents the many important points and sublime values. Propelled this strong foundation and deep cultural embrace, Islam as manifested in Brunei facilitates the outward-looking character the country opted since the beginning of the 20th century.

KEY WORDS: Brunei Darussalam, Islam, Malay, Monarchy, Shāfi`ī school, custom, modern state, and globalization.

About the Author: Prof. Dr. Iik Arifin Mansurnoor is a Senior Lecturer at the History Department, Faculty of Art and Social Sciences UBD (University of Brunei Darussalam), Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. He can be reached at: iikarifin@gmail.com

How to cite this article? Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (2012). “Sharing, Preserving, and Transforming the Past: Brunei’s Islamic Model of Cultural Dialogue and Development” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.3(2) April, pp.125-154. Bandung, Indonesia: ASPENSI [Asosiasi Sarjana Pendidikan Sejarah Indonesia] and UVRI [Universitas Veteran Republik Indonesia], ISSN 2085-0980.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (February 5, 2012); Revised (March 8, 2012); and Published (April 28, 2012).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abaza, Mona. (1994). “Islamic Education, Perceptions, and Exchanges: Indonesian Students in Cairo” in Cahier d'Archipel, 23. Paris: EHESS.

Abdul Aziz Juned, Pehin Tuan Imam. (1992). Islam di Brunei, Vol.1. Bandar Seri Begawan: Brunei History Centre.

Abdullah, Taufik. (1985). Islam dan Masyarakat. Jakarta: LP3ES [Lembaga Penelitian, Penerangan, dan Pemberdayaan Ekonomi dan Sosial].

Abu-Lughod, J. (1989). “What is Islamic about a City? Some Comparative Reflections” in Proceedings of International Conference on Urbanism in Islam, the Middle Eastern Culture Center, Tokyo, Japan, on October 22-28.

Abu Rabi`, Ibrahim M. (2004). Contemporary Arab Thought: Studies in Post-1967 Arab Intellectual History. London: Pluto Press.

Aishah Haji Md Yusof. (1991). “Pusat Da’wah Islamiah dan Islamisasi di Brunei Darussalam”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Jakarta, Indonesia: IAIN [Instiut Agama Islam Negeri] Syarif Hidayatullah.

al-Attas, Syed M. Naguib. (1972). Islam dalam Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Melayu. Bangi: Penerbit UKM [Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia].

Blair, Emina H. & James A. Robertson [eds]. (1903-1909). The Philippine Islands, 1493-1803. Vols.4 and 33. Cleveland: A.H. Clark Company.

Brown, Donald E. (1970). “Brunei: The Structure and History of a Bornean Malay Sultanate". Monograph of the Brunei Museum Journal, 2/2. Bandar Brunei: Brunei Museum.

Document of the International Declaration of Human Rights. New York, USA [United States of America]: 1948.

Document of Minutes of the State Council from 29 June 1907 to 31 August 1949.

Document of State of Brunei Annual Report, 1911. Bandar Brunei: Resident Office, 1912.

Document of the Charter of the Islamic Conference. Jedda, Saudi Arabia: 1972.

Document of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Paris, the France: 17 October 2003.

Document of the Islamic Declaration of Cultural Diversity. Algiers: December 2004.

Document of Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. Paris, the France: 20 October 2005.

Faruqi, Ismail & L. Faruqi. (1994). The Atlas of Islam. Virginia: Institute of Islamic Thought.

Fealy, Greg & Virginia Hooker [eds]. (2006). Voices of Islam in Southeast Asia: A Contemporary Sourcebook. Singapore: ISEAS [Institute of South East Asian Studies].

Friedmann, Yohanan. (1971). Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi. Montreal, Canada: McGill University Press.

Haji Abd Hamid, Hj. Hashim. (1999). Cerocok Budaya Brunei. Bandar Seri Begawan: Academy of Brunei Studies.

Haji Abd Hamid, Hj. Hashim. (2000). Remaking Muslim Politics: Pluralism, Contestation, and Democratization. Princeton: Princeton Studies in Muslim Politics, Princeton University Press.

Hooker, Virginia & Amin Saikal [eds]. (2004). Islamic Perspectives on the New Millennium. Singapore: ISEAS [Institute of South East Asian Studies].

Hurgronje, C. Snouck. (1931). Mekka in the Part of the 19th Century. Leiden: Brill, translated by J.H. Monahan.

“Islamic Declaration on Cultural Diversity”, an official document issued during the Fourth Islamic Conference of Culture Ministers, ISESCO, Algiers, December 2004. Available also at: http://www.isesco.org.ma/english/culture/culturalDiversity/Cultural%20Diversity.pdf [accessed in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: December 12, 2007].

JHEU [Jabatan Hal Ehwal Ugama]. (1981). Jabatan Hal Ehwal Ugama, 1954 1979. Bandar Seri Begawan: Jabatan Hal Ehwal Ugama.

Jones, Sydney. (2004). “Indonesia Backgrounder: Why Salafism and Terrorism Mostly Don't Mix?” in Asia Report, No.83. Southeast Asia/Brussels: International Crisis Group, 13 September. Available also at: www.icg.org [accessed in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam: December 18, 2011].

Kamal Hassan, Muhammad. (1982). Muslim Intellectuals’ Response to Modernization in Suharto's Indonesia. Kuala Lumpur: ABIM [Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia].

Kershaw, Roger. (2003). “Partners in Realism: Britain and Brunei amid Recent Turbulence” in Asian Affairs, 34/1, pp.46-53.

Lapidus, Ira M. (1989). “Muslim Cities as Plural Societies: The Politics of Intermediary Bodies” in Proceedings of International Conference on Urbanism in Islam, the Middle Eastern Culture Center, Tokyo, Japan, on October 22-28.

Lukito, Ratno. (1999). “Law and Politics in Post Independence Indonesia: A Case Study of Religious and Adat Courts” in Studia Islamika, 6/2, pp.63-86.

Madjid, Nurcholish. (1994). “Islamic Roots of Modern Pluralism: Indonesian Experience” in Studia Islamika, 1/1, pp.55-79.

Malley, Robert. (2006). “Feature: A New Middle East” in The New York Review of Books, 53/14 [September 21].

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (1993). “Intellectual Tradition in a Malay World: Ulama and Education in Brunei” in Jurnal Pendidikan, 3/3, pp.34-60.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (1995). “Historiography and Religious Reform in Brunei during the Period 1912-1959” in Studia Islamika, 2/3, pp.77-113.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (1996). “Socio-Religious Changes in Brunei after the Pacific War” in Islamic Studies Quarterly Journal, 35/1, pp.45-70.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (1998). “Recent Trends in the Study of Islamic Revivalism in Contemporary Malaysia” in Asian Research Trends, 7, pp.39-73.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (2000). “Islamic Education, State, and Society in Brunei Darussalam: An Intellectual History of the `Ulama’ World (1903-1974)” in Isma-ae Alee et al. [eds]. Islamic Studies in ASEAN: Presentations of an International Seminar. Pattani, Thailand: College of Islamic Studies, Prince of Songkla University, pp.409-444.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (2001). “Islam in Brunei Darussalam and Global Islam: An Analysis of Their Interaction” in Johan Meuleman [ed]. Islam in the Era of Globalization: Muslim Attitudes towards Modernity and Identity. London: Routledge-Curzon Press, pp.71-98.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (2003). “Radicalization of Islamic Discourse among Muslim in Southeast Asia: An Historical Reinterpretation” in Kultur: The Indonesian Journal for Muslim Cultures, 3/1, pp.63-104.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (2004). “Questioning Political and Economic Rights for Non-Muslims in Contemporary Indonesia: Can or Rather Should Muslims Deliver?” in Murni Jamal et al. [eds]. A Portrait of Contemporary Indonesian Islam: Remapping and Responding to the Worldwide Social Agenda. Jakarta: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung and the Center for Languages and Cultures, State Islamic Unversity (UIN), pp.103-147.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (2005a). “L'Islam Entre Renaissance et Radicalisme” (originally from “Islam in Brunei Darussalam: Negotiating Islamic Revivalism and Religious Radicalism”) in Les Cahiers de l'Orient, 78/Duxième Trimester, pp.47-60.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (2005b). “Muslims in Modern Southeast Asia: Radicalism in Historical Perspectives” in Taiwan Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 2/2, pp.3-54.

Mansurnoor, Iik Arifin. (2007). “Reality and Vision: Contrasting Brunei and the ‘Orient’ in the Beginning of the 20th Century”. Paper presented at the Fifth EUROSEAS Conference, Palazzo del Mediterraneo, University of Naples l’Orientale, Naples, Italy, on 12-15 September.

Mohd Daud, Dato Hj Abdul Hamid. (2004). Sepintas Lalu Dermasiswa Jabatan Hal Ehwal Ugama Brunei Darussalam. Bandar Seri Begawan: Pusat Da'wah Islamiah.

Muzaffar, Chandra. (1987). Islamic Resurgence in Malaysia. Petaling Jaya, Malaysia: Fajar Bakti.

Nagata, Judith. (1984). The Re-Flowering of Malaysian Islam. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Newspaper of Pelita Brunei. Bandar Brunei: 1961.

Nicholl, Robert [ed]. (1975). “European Sources for the History of the Sultanate of Brunei in the Sixteenth Century” in Special Issue Series, No.9. Bandar Seri Begawan: Brunei Museum.

Pehin Yahya. (1989). “Pehin pehin Manteri Ugama sebaqai Institusi dan Peranan Mereka dalam Pentadbiran dan Pemerinltahan Negara di Brunei". Paper in an International Seminar on Islamic Civilization in the Malay World in Bandar Seri Begawan.

Reid, Anthony. (1988). Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce, 1450-1680: The Land Below the Winds, Vol.I. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Riddell, Peter G. (2001). Islam and the Malay Indonesian World: Transmission and Responses. Singapore: Horizon Books.

Sweeney, P.L. Amin [ed]. (1968). “Silsilah Raja-raja Berunai” in Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 41/2, pp.1-82.

Taib Osman, Mohd. (1980). “Islamization of the Malays: A Transformation of Culture” in Tamadun di Malaysia, pp.1-8.

Treacher, William H. (1889). “British North Borneo: Sketches of Brunai, Sarawak, Labuan, and North Borneo” in Journal of the Strait Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 20, pp.13-74.

van Bruinessen, Martin. (1999). “Global and Local in Indonesian Islam” in Southeast Asian Studies, 37/2, Kyoto, Japan, pp.46-63.

Winstedt, Richard. (1981). The Malay: A Cultural History. Singapore: G. Brash, reprint of 1950.