Social Changes Through the Encounter of Countries in Southeast Asia: A Historiy-Hermeneutics Through the Contacts of Chinese and the People of Maluku in Spices Trading

Bety D.S. Hetharion


ABSTRACT: Historical interpretation must look for what people did on their historical circle. On one hand, history hermeneuitcs is an effort to understand people’s self-knowledge that what people know is a truth or a reality from their own worldview. On the other hand, history hermeneutics tries to make a new perspective that what happen now is unseparable from past. This is why hermeneutics of history might be used to make an interpretation about the truth itself. Based on history hermeneutics, I try to make an analysis about Chinese and Moluccans contact during spices trade period. This study based on social changes in Maluku on economic and social life. I want to study the mutual economic model by Asian, something different with economic model by European which so politically.

KEY WORDS: history hermeneutics, social changes, interpretation and understanding, and Chinese and Moluccans relations in Maluku.

About the Author: Bety D.S. Hetharion, M.Pd. is a Lecturer and currently as Head of Department of History Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Educational Sciences UNPATTI (University of Pattimura) in Ambon, Maluku, Indonesia. She can be reached at:

How to cite this article? Hetharion, Bety D.S. (2010). “Social Changes Through the Encounter of Countries in Southeast Asia: A Historiy-Hermeneutics Through the Contacts of Chinese and the People of Maluku in Spices Trading” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.1(2) April, pp.159-168. Bandung, Indonesia: ASPENSI [Asosiasi Sarjana Pendidikan Sejarah Indonesia], ISSN 2085-0980.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (February 5, 2010); Revised (March 9, 2010); and Published (April 28, 2010).

Full Text:



Andaya, Leonard. (1993). The World of Maluku: Eastern Indonesia in Early Modern Period. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Braudel, Fernand. (1985). The Wheel of Commerce. Translation. Fontana: Silân Reynolds.

Burke, Peter. (2003). Sejarah dan Teori Sosial. Translation. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Chauvel, Richard. (1990). Nationalists, Soldiers and Separatists: The Ambonese Islands From Colonialism to Revolt, 1880-1950. Leiden: KITLV Press.

Gadamer, Hans-Georg. (1979). “The Problem of Historical Consciousness” in Paul Rabinow & William M. Sullivan [eds]. Interpretative Social Science: A Reader. Berkley: University of California Press, pp.103-105.

Gadamer, Hans-Georg. (1995). Truth and Method. New York: Continuum.

Hauck, Gerhard. (1984). Geschichte de Sosiologischen Theorie: Eine Ideologiekritische Einführung. Hamburg: Rowohlts Ensyklopädie.

Kartodirdjo, Sartono. (1992). Pendekatan Ilmu Sosial dalam Metodologi Sejarah. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Kuntowijoyo. (2003). Metodologi Sejarah. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Menzies, Gavin. (2006). 1421: Saat China Menemukan Dunia. Translation. Jakarta: Pusat Alvabet.

Palmer, Richard. (1969). Hermeneutics: Interpretation Theory in Schleirmacher, Dilthey, Heidegger, and Gadamer. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

Palmer, Richard. (2003). Hermeneutika: Teori Baru Mengenai Interpretasi. Translation. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Reid, Anthony. (2004). Sejarah Modern Awal Asia Tenggara. Translation. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Ricklefs, M.C. (2005). Sejarah Indonesia Modern, 1200-2004. Translation. Jakarta: Serambi.

Schnepp, Gerald J. (1953). “The Future of Sociological Theory” in Clement S. Mihanovich [ed]. Social Theorists. Milwaukee: The Bruce Publication and Co., pp.371-372.

Sumaryono, E. (1999). Hermeneutika: Sebuah Metode Filsafat. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Wachterhauser, Brice R. (1986). “Must We be What We Say? Gadamer on Truth in the Human Sciences” in Brice R. Wachterhauser [ed]. Hermeneutics and Modern Philosophy. New York: State University of New York Press.