https://gosnomer25.com

Ketidakstabilan Negara Jiran dan Kesannya kepada Keselamatan Malaysia

Wan Shawaluddin Wan Hassan, Zaini Othman

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Religious and ethnic conflict, secession movements as well as economic downturn are among the many causes that could destabilize a country. Such incapability on the part of the government could in turn leave an impact on neighboring countries. In this context, Malaysia is, however, one of the nation-state that has a good development economically and stable condition politically since 1980s. On the contrary, instabilities in neighboring countries will give impact to Malaysia as a nation-state. By applying weak state concept, this article intends to discuss the development in neighboring nation-state i.e. Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines and how it could threaten Malaysia’s security. In this article, “weak state” refers to the failure of those in power to provide to its people security from threat domestically or internationally, political institutions, social as well as economic facilities. Instability in one country will have spill over effects on neighboring countries in Southeast Asia region. This article also found that failures in neighboring countries government in Southeast Asia region to deal political, economic and social issues had indeed left an impact to Malaysia’s security.

Key words: weak state, political instability, neighboring countries, and Malaysia’s development and security.

About the Authors: Wan Shawaluddin Wan Hassan ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Program Hubungan Antarabangsa, Sekolah Sains Sosial UMS (Universiti Malaysia Sabah). Beliau dilahirkan di Kota Bharu, Kelantan, pada 28 Jun 1960. Memperolehi ijazah pertama dalam bidang sejarah dari UM (Universiti Malaya) pada tahun 1985; ijazah Sarjana dari Lancaster University (1991) dalam bidang International Relations & Strategic Studies. Bidang penyelidikan beliau ialah dasar luar Malaysia, keselamatan dan migrasi. Hasil karya beliau, di antaranya, adalah: “Malaysia-United States Relations in the 1990s” dalam Jurnal Kinabalu, Bil.11 (2005) ditulis bersama Diana Peters; dan “Perpecahan Kesatuan Soviet: Tinjauan tentang Punca Keruntuhan” dalam Jurnal Sejarah, No.13 (2005) ditulis bersama Ramli Dollah. Alamat e-mail beliau adalah: wshawal@yahoo.com Zaini Othman, M.A. ialah Pensyarah Hubungan Antarabangsa di Sekolah Sains Sosial UMS. Beliau dilahirkan di Pasir Mas, Kelantan pada 27hb April 1967. Memperolehi ijazah pertama dalam bidang Sains Politik dari UKM (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia) Bangi, pada tahun 1991; dan ijazah Sarjana (M.A.) dari University of Manchester, United Kingdom (1993-1995) dalam jurusan Pembangunan Politik & Ekonomi Politik Antarabangsa. Antara hasil penulisan beliau ialah Demokrasi, Kepimpinan & Keselamatan dalam Politik Malaysia (Bangi: Penerbit UKM, 2006). Beliau juga telah membentang dan menyertai pelbagai seminar, sama ada di peringkat domestik ataupun antarabangsa. Bersabit kepentingan akademik, beliau boleh dihubungi dengan alamat e-mail: znothman@yahoo.com

How to cite this article? Wan Hassan, Wan Shawaluddin & Zaini Othman. (2009). “Ketidakstabilan Negara Jiran dan Kesannya kepada Keselamatan Malaysia” in SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Vol.2, No.1 [Mei], pp.59-74. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, UPI Bandung, and UMS Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, ISSN 1979-0112.

Chronicle of article: Accepted (March 22, 2009); Revised (April 25, 2009); and Published (May 20, 2009).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abuza, Zachary. (2005). ”The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and Security in Southeast Asia” dalam Report. Manila: United States Institute of Peace.

Barcani, B.R. (2005). “The Mindanao Peace Talks: Another Opportunity to Resolve the Moro Conflict in the Philippines” dalam Special Report, No.131. Manila: United States Institute of Peace.

Berita “A Bold Blueprint for Peace: Security in Sulu” dalam New Straits Times. Kuala Lumpur: 2 November 2007.

Berita “Myanmars Fleeing to Malaysia” dalam Daily Express. Kota Kinabalu: 1 November 2007.

Ganesan, N. (2001). ”Thailand’s Relations with Malaysia and Myanmar: Post Cold War Southeast Asia” dalam Japan’s Journal of Political Science, No.2.

Giraldo, J. & Harold Trinkunas. (2007). “Transnational Crime” dalam Alan Collins [ed.]. Contemporary Security Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jackson, Richard. (2007). “Regime Security” dalam Alan Collins [ed.]. Contemporary Security Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jory, Patrick. (2007). “From Melayu Patani to Thai Muslim: The Spectre of Ethnic Identity in Southern Thailand” dalam Asian Research Institute Working Paper, No.84 [January].

Islam, Syed Serajul. (2005). The Politics of Islamic Identity in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Thomson.

Kaur, Amarjit. (2007). “Refugees and Refugee Policy in Malaysia” dalam UNEAC Papers, No.18.

McFargo, Duncan. (2007). Rethinking Thailand’s Southern Violence. Singapore: NUS [National University of Singapore] Press.

Melvin, Neil. (2007). “Conflict in Southern Thailand: Islamism, Violence and the State in the Patani Insurgency” dalam SIPRI Policy Paper, No.20 [September].

Nik Rakib Nik Hassan. (2003). “Siamisasi Masyarakat Melayu di Selatan Thailand: Kajian Kes di Kampong Duku Daerah Bachok, Narathiwat”. Tesis Sarjana Tidak Diterbitkan. Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Malaya.

Noorhaidi. (2005). Laskar Jihad: Islam, Militancy and the Quest for Identity in Post-New Order Indonesia. Leiden: International Institute for Asian Studies.

Pitsuwan, Surin. (1985). Islam and Malay Nationalism: A Case Study of the Malay Muslim of Southern Thailand. Bangkok: Thai Kadi Research Institute, Thammasat University.

Quimpo, Nathan Gilbert. (2007). “The U.S. and the Southern Philippines Quigmire” dalam Asia Research Centre Working Paper. USA: University Murdoch, July.

Ramli Dollah et al. (2003). “Pendatang Filipina di Sabah: Satu Pemerhatian dari Sudut Keselamatan” dalam Jurnal Jati, ms.217-240.

Ramli Dollah & Marja Azlima Omar. (2006). ”Indonesia dan Filipina dalam Konteks Keselamatan Sabah”. Kertas kerja dalam Bengkel Kajian Persempadanan di Negeri Sabah. Kuala Lumpur: Arkib Negara Malaysia, 6-7 November.

Rencana “Cops: Drug Dealer Has Business in Kelantan” dalam The Sun. Kuala Lumpur: 19 November 2007.

Rencana “Indonesia: Preliminary Damage and Loss Assessment”. Available also at http://www.adb.org/tsunami/ind-damage.asp [Dilayari di Kota Kinabalu, pada 1 November 2007].

Rencana ”Volcanoes in Indonesia”. Alailable also at http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/volcanoes/index.htm [Dilayari di Kota Kinabalu, pada 31 Oktober 2007].

Ricklefs, M.C. (2001). A History of Modern Indonesia Since c. 1200. London: Palgrave, 3rd edition.

Rotberg, Robert I. (2005). “Failed States, Collapsed States, Weak States: Causes and Indicators” dalam Robert I. Rotberg [ed.]. State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

Schulze, Kirsten E. (2002). “Laskar Jihad and the Conflcit in Ambon” dalam Brown Journal of International Affairs, Vol.IX (1), Spring, ms.57-69.

Stockwell, A.J. (2006). “Chin Peng and the Struggle for Malaya” in The Royal Asiatic Society, Series 3, 16(3), ms.279-297.

Temubual dengan Pengarah PPKP (Pasukan Petugas Khas Persekutuan). Kota Kinabalu, Sabah: 3 September 2007.

U.S. Chamber of Commerce. (2007). “Indonesia”. Available also at http://www.uschamber.com/international/asia/southeastasia/indonesia [Dilayari di Kota Kinabalu, pada 31 Oktober 2007].

Wanandi, Jusuf. (2002). “Indonesia: A Failed State?” dalam The Washington Quarterly, Vol.25, No.3, ms.135-146.

Wan Shawaluddin Wan Hassan, Zaini Othman & Ramli Dollah. (2007). “Pemerintah dan Pendatang Asing”. Kertas kerja yang telah dibentangkan di Seminar Sabah sempena 50 Tahun, UiTM Kota Kinabalu, 4-5 September.

Wee, Vivienne. (2002). “Will Indonesia Hold? Past, Present and Future in a Fragmenting State” dalam City University of Hong Kong Working Paper Series, No.34 [October].

Wong, Jean. (2007). “Economic Relations between Indonesia-Malaysia: Application of Economic Potentials to Develop Local Economy”. Kertas kerja yang dibentangkan dalam Seminar Refleksi 50 Tahun Hubungan Diplomatik Indonesia-Malaysia. Makassar: Universitas Hassanuddin, 11 September.

Wyatt, David K. (2003). A Short History of Thailand. Chiangmai: Silkworm Books, 2nd edition.




SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan is published by Minda Masagi Press. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 4.0.