Try usd chart yahoo financial kitabı kitapları try usd chart.

The Use of Explosives in Sabah Fishing Industry from the History and Malaysian Legal Perspective

Ismail Ali

Abstract


ABSTRAK: Makalah ini bertujuan untuk membincangkan penyalahgunaan bahan letupan, atau lebih dikenali sebagai “bom ikan”, dalam industri perikanan di Sabah dari perspektif sejarah dan penguatkuasaan perundangan perikanan di Malaysia. Walau bagaimanapun, pengajian mengenai industri perikanan di Sabah telah wujud selepas Perang Dunia II hingga Malaysia memperolehi kemerdekaan. Ianya semakin berkembang di Sabah pada tahun 1970-an sehingga sekarang. Masalahnya adalah walaupun teknologi ini terbukti mampu mendaratkan hasil tangkapan ikan dengan berkesan, namun kaedah ini diharamkan penggunaannya oleh kerajaan Malaysia di bawah Akta Perikanan 1985 (Akta 317), kerana telah mengundang pelbagai kemusnahan kepada ekosistem marin dan mengancam industri perikanan di Sabah. Sungguhpun pelbagai tindakan penguatkuasaan dan perundangan telah dilaksanakan oleh pihak berwajib, namun penggunaan bahan letupan ini untuk menangkap ikan oleh nelayan berbangsa Filipina di kawasan perairan Sabah, yang berkongsi dengan bisnismen tempatan, nampaknya sukar dibendung sepenuhnya. Berbagai dasar dan cadangan daripada kerajaan Malaysia cuba diamalkan untuk mengedepani masalah ini dari dahulu sehingga sekarang.

Kata-kata kunci: industri perikanan, penggunaan dan penyalahgunaan bahan letupan, dan penguatkuasaan undang-undang perikanan di Sabah, Malaysia.

About the Author: Dr. Ismail Ali is a Lecturer at the School of Social Sciences UMS (Universiti Malaysia Sabah). He was born in Keningau, Sabah, on March 4th, 1969. He has obtained his Bachelor of Arts (1991) majoring in South East Asia Studies; and Masters of Arts (1999) majoring in Maritime Studies, both from UM (Universiti Malaya) in Kuala Lumpur. He has completed his Doctorate of Philosophy (2004) majoring in History of the Maritime Economy from UMS. Amongst his areas of interest are the history, issues of borders and maritime culture in Borneo fishery technology, small fishery industry, labor economy, impacts of fishery activities towards marine and tourism ecosystems, and others. He has published a couple of books entitled: Penyalahgunaan Bahan Letupan dalam Industri Perikanan di Sabah (Kota Kinabalu: Penerbit UMS, 2006); and Pembangunan Industri Hiliran Berasaskan Perikanan di Sabah (Kota Kinabalu: Penerbit UMS, 2007). His other forthcoming publications are: Sejarah dan Budaya Perlanunan di Kepulauan Borneo; Penglibatan dan Sumbangan Kanak-kanak dalam Ekonomi Perikanan; and Siri Penyelidikan Maritim di Sabah which are due to be published by the publisher of UMS and the publisher of UM in 2008. For academic purposes, he can be reached at: ismailrc@ums.edu.my

How to cite this article? Ali, Ismail. (2008). “The Use of Explosives in Sabah Fishing Industry from the History and Malaysian Legal Perspective” in SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Vol.1, No.1 [Mei]. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, UPI Bandung, and UMS Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, ISSN 1979-0112, pp.1-12.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (March 7, 2008); Revised (April 17, 2008); and Published (May 20, 2008).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Manan, Quazi. (1991). Sabah Fisherman and Their Economy: A Socio-Economy Study. Kota Kinabalu: Korporasi Kemajuan Perikanan dan Nelayan Sabah [KO-NELAYAN].

Baker, H.M. (1962). North Borneo: The First Ten Years, 1946-1956. Singapore: Malaya Publishing House.

British Government. (1948). Colony of North Borneo: Annual Report. Jesselton.

Cabanban, Annadel S. (1997). “Strategies and Abating Destructive Fishing Practice in the Southeast Asian Region”. Paper in Seminar on Prevention of the Utilization of Explosives and Chemicals in Coral Fishing, organized by the Ministry of Agriculture of Malaysia, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries of Sabah, the Sabah Institute of Developmental Studies (IDS), Universiti Malaysia Sabah and the Sabah Parks at the Promenade Hotel, in Kota Kinabalu, 14-15 April.

Ellison, E.W. (1956). Reconstruction and Development Plan for North Borneo, 1948-1955. Kota Kinabalu: Sabah Archieve.

Malaysian Government. (1985). Fisheries Act. Kuala Lumpur: International Law Book Services.

Malaysian Government. (1990). Explosives Act 1957 (Act 207), Section II: Offences, Penalties, Supervision and Proceeding. Kuala Lumpur: International Law Book Services.

Mohd. Ariff, Mohammad Raduan. (1995). From the Gathering of Sea Cucumbers to Prawns: The History of the Development of the Fishing Industry in North Borneo, 1750-1990. Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Malaya Press.

Police Law Directory. (1990). Explosives Act 1957, Section II: Kesalahan, Penalti, Peguatkuasaan dan Prosiding, Vol.II. Kuala Lumpur: International Law Book Services.

Sabah Fisheries Department. (2000). Bilangan Kes Tangkapan Bom Ikan di Negeri Sabah: 1986-1999. Kota Kinabalu: Kementerian Perikanan Sabah.

Sabah Fisheries Department. (2001). Buku Majlis Pelancaran Kempen Kesedaran dan Pencegahan Pengeboman Ikan Peringkat Negeri Sabah. Kota Kinabalu: Hyatt Regency Kinabalu, 14 Mac.

Sheikh Osman, Mohd Sidek. (1997). ”Penguatkuasaan dan Undang-Undang Pengawalan: Isu yang Dihadapi oleh Pelbagai Pihak bagi Menangani Masalah Penggunaan Bahan Letupan dan Kimia dalam Perikanan Terumbu Karang”. Kertas Kerja dibentangkan dalam Seminar Mencegah Penggunaan Bahan Letupan dan Kimia dalam Perikanan Terumbu, anjuran Kementerian Pertanian Malaysia, Kementerian Pertanian dan Perikanan Sabah, Institut Kajian Pembangunan (Sabah), Universiti Malaysia Sabah dan Taman-taman Sabah, di Promenade Hotel, Kota Kinabalu, 14-15 April.

Tregonning, K.G. (1965). A History of Modern Sabah. Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Malaya Press.

Tubb, J.A. (1952). Colony of North Borneo Fisheries Department: Report for the Years 1947-1950. Sandakan, Sabah: n.p.




SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan is published by Minda Masagi Press. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 4.0.