IQ Option www.iqoption.co.tz tanzania

Assessing Students’ Spiritual Practice in IIUM (International Islamic University of Malaysia)

Farhana Mohamad Radzi, Siti Salwa Md Sawari, Mohd Al ’Ikhsan Ghazali

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Spirituality was highly valued in the teaching and learning process in Malaysia. The MoE (Ministry of Education) Malaysia has incorporated elements of Islamic and Moral Education in the education system in Malaysia. This is done to generate a balanced individual and overall potential development of the physical, emotional, spiritual and intellectual beliefs, and devotion to Allah. Thus, the objective of this study is to determine the spiritual practice experienced by IIUM (International Islamic University of Malaysia) students. This study used qualitative method, and process of data collection is done through interview techniques. The interview techniques are able to provide a framework within which respondents can express their understanding and knowledge of their own manner. These findings clearly indicate that the daily or weekly spiritual practice performed by IIUM students is such as five daily practices for spiritual development: prayer, meditation, service, recite the Al-Quran, and integrity. Prayer, recite the Al-Quran, and meditation feed the spirit; while integrity and service exercise will develop the strength and capacities as Muslim. Together they constitute the injunctions one is to follow to develop spiritually.

KEY WORD: Spiritual practice, Muslim student, assessment, Islamic and moral education, prayer, meditation, service, recite the Al-Quran, and integrity.

ABSTRAKSI: “Penilaian Amalan Rohani Pelajar di UIAM (Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia)”. Kerohanian adalah nilai yang tinggi dalam proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran di Malaysia. KPM (Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia) telah menggabungkan unsur-unsur Pendidikan Moral dan Islam dalam sistem pendidikan di Malaysia. Ini dilakukan untuk menjana pembangunan yang seimbang bagi individu dan keseluruhan potensi jasmani, emosi, rohani dan intelek, dan kepatuhan kepada Allah. Oleh itu, objektif kajian ini adalah untuk menentukan pengalaman amalan rohani oleh pelajar-pelajar UIAM. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kualitatif, dan proses pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui teknik temuduga. Teknik temuduga dapat menyediakan rangka kerja yang membolehkan responden dapat meluahkan pemahaman dan pengetahuan tentang mereka dan cara mereka sendiri. Penemuan ini jelas menunjukan bahawa amalan harian atau mingguan rohani yang dilakukan oleh pelajar UIAM adalah lima amalan setiap hari untuk pembangunan rohani, seperti: doa, meditasi, perkhidmatan, membaca Al-Qur'an, dan integriti. Sholat, membaca Al-Qur'an, dan meditasi memberi makanan rohani; manakala integriti dan menjalankan perkhidmatan akan membangunkan kekuatan dan kapasiti sebagai orang Islam. Bersama-sama ianya membentuk injunksi seseorang untuk mengikuti dan membangunkan rohani.

KATA KUNCI: Amalan rohani, pelajar Islam, penilaian, pendidikan moral dan Islam, doa, meditasi, perkhidmatan, membaca Al-Qur'an, dan integriti.

About the Authors: Farhana Mohamad Radzi is a Lecturer at the Kulliyah of Education IIUM (International Islamic University of Malaysia) in Gombak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Siti Salwa Md Sawari is a Doctor of Philosophy Candidate (Generic) at the Faculty of Islamic Civilization UTM (Malaysia University of Technology) in Kuala Lumpur 54100, Malaysia. Mohd Al-’Ikhsan Ghazali is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Islamic Civilization UTM (Malaysia University of Technology) in Kuala Lumpur 54100, Malaysia. Their e-mail addresses are: farhana.radzi@gmail.com, salwa.sawari@gmail.com and alikhsan@ic.utm.my

How to cite this article? Radzi, Farhana Mohamad, Siti Salwa Md Sawari & Mohd Al-’Ikhsan Ghazali. (2016). “Assessing Students’ Spiritual Practice in IIUM (International Islamic University of Malaysia)” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Vol.1(1), February, pp.121-126. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2443-1776.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (December 1, 2015); Revised (January 10, 2016); and Published (February 5, 2016).


Keywords


spiritual practice; Muslim student; assessment; Islamic and moral education; prayer; meditation; service; recite the Al-Qur’an; integrity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baker, D. & N. Edwards. (2012). “What Would Catherine of Sienna Do? Spiritual Formation and the Brains of Adolescent Girls” in Religious Education, 107(4), pp.371-387.

Balboni, M.J., C.M. Puchalski & J.R. Peteet. (2014). “The Relationship between Medicine, Spirituality, and Religion: Three Models for Integration” in Journal of Religion and Health, 53(5), pp.1586-1598.

Borba, M. (2001). Building Moral Intelligence. New York: Jossey-Bass.

Bordas, J. (2012). Salsa, Soul, and Spirit: Leadership for a Multicultural Age. New York: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Bowman, N.A., V. Felix & L. Ortis. (2014). “Religious/Worldview Identification and College Student Success”. Available online also at: http://scholarworks.bgsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1002&context=hied_pub [accessed in Gombak, Malaysia: October 24, 2015].

Clarken, R. (2009). The Role of Spirituality and Spiritual Practices in Education. Paper presented at the American Educational Researcher Association Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, on April.

Dobbelstein, T., M. Dos Santos & F. Herbst. (2015). “Exploring Consumers’ Spiritual Development in Adulthood: Possible Implications for Marketing Organisations” in Proceedings of the 2007 AMS (Academy of Marketing Science) Annual Conference, on January, organized and published by Springer International Publishing, pp.154-163.

Fincham, F.D. & S.R. Beach. (2013). “Can Religion and Spirituality Enhance Prevention Programs for Couples?” in APA: Handbook of Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality, 2, pp.461-479.

Hamzah, Rohana, Kamarudzaman Md Isa & Roziah Mohd Janor. (2010). “Spiritual Education Development Model” in Journal of Islamic and Arabic Education, 2(2), pp.1-12.

Hansen, D.T. (1995). “Teaching and the Moral Life of Classrooms” in Journal for a Just and Caring Education, Vol.2, pp.59-74.

Hölscher, L. (2013). The Reality of the Mind: St. Augustine's Philosophical Arguments for the Human Soul as a Spiritual Substance. London: Routledge.

Interview with Respondent A, a Student of IIUM [International Islamic University of Malaysia], in Gombak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 4 December 2013.

Interview with Respondent B, a Student of IIUM [International Islamic University of Malaysia], in Gombak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 4 December 2013.

Interview with Respondent C, a Student of IIUM [International Islamic University of Malaysia], in Gombak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 4 December 2013.

Interview with Respondent D, a Student of IIUM [International Islamic University of Malaysia], in Gombak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 4 December 2013.

Lennick, D. & F. Kiel. (2005). Moral Intelligence: Enhancing Business Performance & Leadership Success. New Jersey: Wharton School Publishing.

Mathisen, B. et al. (2015). “Religion, Spirituality, and Speech-Language Pathology: A Viewpoint for Ensuring Patient-Centred Holistic Care” in Journal of Religion and Health, pp.1-15.

Newberg, A.B., E.G. d’Aquili & V.P. Rause. (2001). Why God Won’t Go Away: Brain Science and the Biology of Belief. New York: Ballantine Publishing Group.

Ortis, L. (2014). “Religious/World View Identification and College Student Success” in Religion & Education, 41(2), pp.117-133.

Pargament, K.I. (2011). Spiritually Integrated Psychotherapy: Understanding and Addressing the Sacred. London: Guilford Press.

Putnam, R.D. & D.E. Campbell. (2012). American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Rani, A.A., A.A. Ghani & S. Ahmad. (2013). “The Impact of Spiritual Intelligence in Reducing Job Stress: Case Studies in Malaysia University of East Coast of Malaysia” in Macrotheme Review, 2(4), pp.183-192.

Sawari, S.S.M. & A. Mustaffa. (2014). “Guru Bersahsiah Mulia Menurut Pandang Ibnu Sahnun: Analisa Buku Adab Al-Mualimin” in Online Journal of Islamic Education, 2(2).

Sawari, S.S.M. & M.Z. Awang Mat. (2014). “Harmonizing Al-Qabisy’s View and Practice of J-QAF Programme in Malaysian Primary School” in Asian Journal of Management Sciences & Education, 3(1), pp.153-162.

Sawari, S.S.M., M.Z. Awang Mat & M.A.I. Ghazali. (2014). “Nurturing the Enthusiasm and Ideals of Teachers through Reflective Ibnu Jama’ah’s Book: Tazkarat as Same Wa al-Mutakillim fil Adab al-Alim wa al-Muta’allim”. Paper presented in the 5th International Graduate Conference on Engineering Science & Humanity, on 21st — 22nd August.

Stewart, B. (2013). “A Comparison of Sexual Minority Youth Who Attend Religiously-Affiliated Schools and Their Nonreligious School-Attending Counterparts”. Unpublished Paper.

Witte, J. (2012). From Sacrament to Contract: Marriage, Religion, and Law in the Western Tradition. London: Presbyterian Publishing Corp.

Zohar, D. (2012). Spiritual Intelligence: The Ultimate Intelligence. New Delhi: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Zubairi, A.A.B. & S.S.M. Sawari. (2014). “Spiritual and Psychological Health of International Islamic College Staffs” in Asian Journal of Management Sciences & Education, 3(1), pp.148-152.