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Faktor-faktor yang Membantu dan Menghalang Pembelajaran Orang Dewasa: Implikasi kepada Pembangunan Sumber Manusia

Norhasni Zainal Abiddin, Azahari Ismail, Andi Suwirta

Abstract


RINGKASAN: Kebanyakan ahli psikologi bersetuju bahawa asas kepada pembelajaran adalah mesti berlaku sedikit perubahan pada diri pelajar. Ia mungkin perubahan dalam penguasaan pengetahuan atau kemahiran baru, satu perubahan dalam sikap atau perubahan pada kepercayaan. Terdapat pelbagai bentuk pembelajaran yang sentiasa berlaku dalam pelbagai situasi seharian. Pembelajaran tidak semestinya terhad kepada persekitaran formal. Malahan, proses pembelajaran sebenarnya banyak berlaku dalam keadaan tidak sedar dan tidak disengajakan. Terdapat beberapa faktor yang boleh memudahkan proses pembelajaran, tetapi terdapat juga faktor-faktor yang menghalang pembelajaran. Adalah menjadi tanggungjawab pendidik/pengajar untuk memastikan bahawa pelajar dapat belajar dengan berkesan. Maka, pendidik/pengajar perlu menyedari keadaan yang kondusif supaya pembelajaran itu berlaku dan mengenal pasti faktor-faktor yang boleh menghalang pembelajaran. Artikel ini akan membincangkan konsep pembelajaran dan pembelajaran orang dewasa, faktor-faktor persekitaran, faktor-faktor berkaitan dengan fasilitator yang dapat membantu dan menghalang pembelajaran, dan juga menentukan strategi yang berkesan dalam pembelajaran. Implikasi pembelajaran orang dewasa kepada pembangunan sumber manusia juga akan dibincangkan dalam artikel ini.

KATA KUNCI: Pembelajaran, pembelajaran orang dewasa, faktor penghalang dan pendorong, tidak formal, pelajar, pengajar, dan pembangunan sumber manusia.

ABSTRACT:Factors that Facilitate and Hinder Adult Learning: Implication for Human Resource Development”. Most psychologists agree that learning is considered happened when student has at least slightly changes. It may be a change of new knowledge or skills, a change in attitude or changes in beliefs. There are various forms of learning that takes place in daily situations. Learning is not necessarily limited to formal environment. In fact, learning process is mostly happened in unconscious and unintentional. There are several factors that can facilitate the learning process, but there are also factors that hinder the learning. It is the responsibility of facilitators /educators to ensure that students can learn effectively. Therefore, facilitators /educators should be aware of circumstances or conditions that are conducive to learning and identify factors that can hinder the learning. This article discusses the learning concepts of adult learning, environmental factors, facilitators related factors that facilitate and hinder the learning, and also determine effective strategies for learning. Implication for adult learning towards human resource development will also be discussed in this article.

KEY WORD: Learning, adult learning, factors that hinder and facilitate, informal, students, teachers, and human resource development.

About the Authors: Prof. Madya Dr. Norhasni Zainal Abiddin dan Prof. Madya Dr. Azahari Ismail ialah Pensyarah di Jabatan Pemajuan Profesional dan Pendidikan Lanjutan, Fakulti Pengajian Pendidikan UPM (Universiti Putra Malaysia) di Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Andi Suwirta, M.Hum. ialah Pensyarah Kanan di Jabatan Pendidikan Sejarah UPI (Universiti Pendidikan Indonesia) di Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia. Bagi urusan sebarang akademik, penulis boleh dihubungi secara terus melalui alamat emel di: nonie@upm.edu.my, azahariaz@yahoo.com dan andisuwirta@yahoo.com

How to cite this article? Zainal Abiddin, Norhasni, Azahari Ismail & Andi Suwirta. (2015). “Faktor-faktor yang Membantu dan Menghalang Pembelajaran Orang Dewasa: Implikasi kepada Pembangunan Sumber Manusia” in ATIKAN: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan, Vol.5(1) June, pp.23-32. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and FPOK UPI Bandung, ISSN 2088-1290.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (April 13, 2015); Revised (May 30, 2015); and Published (June 30, 2015).


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