Forum Theatre as a Moral Education Pedagogy

Nadarajan Thambu, Vishalache Balakrishnan


ABSTRACT: Teachers and students are bound in an intimate moral relationship. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the teacher to translate this moral relationship through teaching activities and pedagogy that are more democratic. At the same time, education also has artistic and aesthetic value. In fact, the art of theatre in the world of education have long been associated. Obviously, theatre in education can be a catalyst for social change as a practical and active learning through the program. Research initiatives to identify effective moral teaching strategies and pedagogy are still ongoing. It is desirable to achieve the objective of creating a holistic human being as illustrated in moral education program in our country. At the same time, the power of theatre in education is well known by educators. However, the use of theatre, in particular, in the field of moral education is still lacking and limited. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to discuss a form of theatre, known as Forum Theatre, as a pedagogical tool of moral education. This interactive theatre form stimulate students to think critically and pro-active in addressing a moral and social conflict. The role of the audience in Forum Theatre is no longer a passive recipient of the message, but to be pro-active citizens in community. Finally, the potential of Forum Theatre as moral education pedagogy is also provided.

KEY WORD: Pedagogy, moral education, Forum Theatre, anti-model acting, intervention acting, interactive theatre form, and democratic citizens.

IKHTISAR: “Teater Forum sebagai Pedagogi Pendidikan Moral”. Guru dan murid terikat dalam hubungan moral intim. Oleh itu, adalah tanggungjawab guru untuk menterjemahkan hubungan moral ini melalui aktiviti-aktiviti pengajaran dan pedagogi yang lebih demokratik. Pada masa yang sama, pendidikan juga mempunyai nilai seni dan estetik. Malah, seni teater dalam dunia pendidikan telah lama dikaitkan. Jelas sekali, teater dalam pendidikan boleh menjadi pemangkin kepada perubahan sosial sebagai pembelajaran praktikal dan aktif melalui program ini. Pencarian dan penggunaan pedagogi pengajaran moral yang terkini menjadi tuntutan semasa. Hal ini wajar untuk merealisasikan matlamat melahirkan insan menyeluruh yang menjadi aspirasi program pendidikan moral di negara kita. Pada masa yang sama, kuasa teater dalam pendidikan pula memang diketahui oleh para pendidik. Namun, penggunaan teater, khususnya dalam bidang pendidikan moral, masih kurang dan terhad. Oleh itu, tujuan artikel ini ialah untuk membincangkan satu bentuk teater, yang dikenali sebagai Teater Forum, sebagai alat pedagogi pendidikan moral. Bentuk teater interaktif ini merangsang murid untuk berfikir secara kritis dan bertindak aktif dalam menangani sesuatu konflik moral dan sosial. Peranan penonton dalam Teater Forum bukan lagi sebagai penerima mesej yang pasif, tetapi menjadi warganegara yang aktif. Akhirnya, potensi Teater Forum sebagai pedagogi pendidikan moral juga diberikan.

KATA KUNCI: Pedagogi, pendidikan moral, Teater Forum, lakonan anti-model, sesi forum, lakonan intervensi, bentuk teater interaktif, dan warganegara demokratik.

About the Authors: Nadarajan Thambu and Vishalache Balakrishnan, Ph.D. are Lecturers at the Faculty of Education UM (University of Malaya) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Corresponding authors are: and

How to cite this article? Thambu, Nadarajan & Vishalache Balakrishnan. (2014). “Forum Theatre as a Moral Education Pedagogy” in ATIKAN: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan, Vol. 4(1) June, pp.1-12. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UNSUR Cianjur, ISSN 2088-1290.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 7, 2014); Revised (April 7, 2014); and Published (June 29, 2014).

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