Saman and Atas Nama Cinta in the View of Canonisation of Literature

Suyitno Suyitno

Abstract


ABSTRACT: The polemic of literary legitimation within Indonesian literature in the era of Reformation is triggered by Saut Situmorang (2007)’s essay on “Politik Kanonisasi Sastra” (Politic of Literary Canonisation). The essay has triggered a debate within the field of Indonesian literature, and has received considerable responses from literary critics and the man/woman of letters. This paper questions the legitimacies of Ayu Utami’s novel of Saman and of Denny Januar Ali’s a prose-poetry of Atas Nama Cinta (In the Name of Love). The ongoing debate within Indonesian literature is discussed in the discourse of the canonisation of literature and its relation to theory of hegemony and counter-hegemony. However, some man/woman of letters were worried about Hans-Georg Gadamer (1990)’s thesis on the creation of presupposition and perception built on the exposition of historical situatedness. This paper also identifies the existence of oligarchic power relations between the literary agents in the legitimation of Indonesian literary works’ quality. There is bias in the mentioned legitimation and the literary community has collusioned to legitimize this literary work. Proper to mention here is the rivalry between KUK (Komunitas Utan Kayu or Utan Kayu Community) and BP (Boemi Poetera or Indigenous). The former is led by Goenawan Mohamad and the later is under the influence of Saut Situmorang.

KEY WORDS: Literary Canonisation; Hegemony; Counter-Hegemony; Literary Legitimacy; Historical Situatedness.

About the Author: Dr. Suyitno is a Lecturer at the Study Program of Indonesian Language and Literature Education, Department of Language and Arts Education FKIP UNS (Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, State University of Surakarta), Jalan Ir. Sutami No.36-A, Kentingan, Jebres, Kota Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. His contact e-mail is: yitsuyitno52@gmail.com

Recommended Citation: Suyitno. (2017). “Saman and Atas Nama Cinta in the View of Canonisation of Literature” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.9(1), October, pp.81-94. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UIN SGD Bandung, ISSN 2085-0980.

Article Timeline: Accepted (November 15, 2016); Revised (March 20, 2017); and Published (October 28, 2017).


Keywords


Literary Canonisation; Hegemony; Counter-Hegemony; Literary Legitimacy; Historical Situatedness

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrar, Zamakhsyari. (2013). “Politik Sastra Saut Situmorang: Wacana, Sikap, dan Ideologi” in Jurnal Sastra Boemipoetra.

Agusta, Leon. (2013). “Mempersoalkan Legitimasi Puisi-Esai”. Unpublished Paper, on 18 May.

Ali, Denny Januar. (2012). Atas Nama Cinta: Sebuah Puisi Esai. Jakarta: Penerbit Utan Kayu.

Ali, Denny Januar. (2013). “21 Karya Puncak Sastra Indonesia, 1920-2013”. Available online at: http://dennyjaworld.com/polemik-diskusi/read/25 [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 15 January 2017].

Ali, Denny Januar. (2014). “Denny JA: Profile di Media”. Unpublished Paper, on 27 February.

Alie, Marzuki. (2010). “Pemasaran Politik dan Politik Kepartaian di Indonesia: Kajian Pemilihan Umum 2009 di Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta”. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Sintok, Kedah: UUM [University of Utara Malaysia].

Austen, Henry. (2002). “Memoir of Miss Austen” in Kathryn Sutherland [ed]. A Memoir of Jane Austen and Other Family Recollections. New York: Oxford University Press, pp.145-154.

Austen, Jane. (2001). Pride and Prejudice. New York: Norton.

Baker, D.N. [ed]. (2000). Inscribing the Hundred Years' War in French and English Cultures. New York: New York University Press.

Bandel, Katrin. (2008). “Politik Sastra Gombal”. Unpublished Paper.

Bandel, Katrin. (2013). Sastra Nasionalisme Pascakolonialitas. Yogyakarta: Indie Book Corner.

Bandel, Katrin. (2014). “Beberapa Catatan atas Judul 33 Tokoh Sastra Indonesia Paling Berpengaruh”. Unpublished Paper, on 18 May.

Bennett, T. (2005). “The Historical Universal: The Role of Cultural Value in the Historical Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu” in British Journal of Sociology, 56(1), pp.141-164.

Bordieu, Pierre. (2010). Arena Produksi Kultural: Sebuah Kajian Sosiologi Budaya. Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana, translated by Yudi Santoso.

Born, G. (2010). “The Social and the Aesthetic: For a Post-Bourdieuian Theory of Cultural Production” in Cultural Sociology, 4(2), pp.171-208.

Daery, Viddy A.D. (2014). “Bagaimana Situasi Perang Sastra di Indonesia?”. Available online at: http://sastra-indonesia.com/2014/07/bagaimana-situasi-perang-sastra-di-indonesia/ [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 15 January 2017].

Damono, Sapardi Djoko. (2012). “Memahami Puisi Essai Denny J.A.”. Available online at: http://puisi-esai.com/2012/03/26/memahami-puisi-esai-denny-ja/ [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 15 January 2017].

Denzin, N.K. & Y.S. Lincoln. (2011). The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 4th edition.

Eni. (2013). “Denny J.A.: King Maker Indonesia”. Unpublished Paper, on 27 February.

Fallon, April. (1990). “Culture in Mirror: Sociocultural Determinants of Body Image” in Thomas Cash & Thomas Pruzinsky [eds]. Body Images: Development, Deviance, and Change. New York: Guilford Press.

Faucault, Michel. (2000). Seks dan Kekuasaan. Jakarta: PT Gramedia, translated by Rahayu S. Hidayat.

Ferdinal. (2013). “Abuse of Power, Oppression, and the Struggle for Human Rights in Modern Indonesian Short Fiction”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Australia: Deakin University. Available online also at: http://dro.deakin.edu.au/eserv/DU:30067420/ferdinal-abuse-2014A.pdf [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: February 15, 2017].

Fill, C. (1999). Marketing Communication: Contexts, Contents, and Strategies. Hertfordshire: Prentice Hall.

Freedman, Rita. (1986). Beuty Bound. Lexington: D.C. Heath.

Gadamer, Hans-Georg. (1990). Truth and Method. New York: Crossroad, translated by Joel Weinsheimer & Donald G. Marshall.

Gemtou, Eleni. (2010). “Subjectivity in Art History and Art Criticism” in RUPKATHA: Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 2(1), pp.2-13.

Gaynor, Jennifer. (1997). “An Interview with Goenawan Mohamad on Politics and Journalism in Indonesia: After the Crackdown” in The Journal of International Institute, Vol.4(2), Winter. Available online also at: https://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jii/4750978.0004.205/ [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: February 15, 2017].

Gramsci, Antonio. (1971). Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. New York: International Publishers, translated by Q. Hoare & G.N. Smith.

Hatfield, Elaine & Susan Sprecher. (1986). Mirror: The Importance of Looks in Everyday Life. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Heraty, Toeti. (2000). Calon Arang, Kisah Perempuan Korban Patriarki: Prosa Lirik. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Ismail, Taufik & D.S. Moeljanto [eds]. (1995). Prahara Budaya: Kilas Balik Ofensif LEKRA/PKI dkk. Bandung: Penerbit Mizan dan HU Republika.

http://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/pemenang-lomba-puisi-esai-kembalikan-hadiah-uang-ke-denny-ja.html [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: February 15, 2017].

Jayasuriya, K. & G. Rodan. (2007). “Beyond Hybrid Regimes: More Participation, Less Contestation in Southeast Asia” in Journal Democratization, Vol.14(5). Available online also at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13510340701635647 [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Katz, E. (1971). “Platforms and Windows: Broadcasting's Role in Election Campaigns” in Journalism, 24 (Quarterly), 48(Summer), pp.304-314.

Kemp, Eric Waldram. (1948). Canonization and Authority in the Western Church. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lazarsfeld, P.F. & H. Gaudet. (1944). The People's Choice. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce.

Lestari, Maya. (2014). “Rekonsiliasi Sastra Kanon dan Sastra Pop”. Makalah dalam Kuliah Umum Bersama Prof. Budi Darma di Jakarta.

LSI [Lembaga Survei Indonesia]. (2012). “28 Rekor Muri: LSI, Denny JA, dan Aropi”. Unpublished MURI Record for Denny, on 18 May.

Mahayana, Maman S. (2007). Ekstrinsikalitas Sastra Indonesia. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Mahayana, Maman S. (2012). “Posisi Puisi, Posisi Esai”. Unpublished Paper.

Mercer, Claire. (2002). “NGOs, Civil Society, and Democratization: A Critical Review of the Literature” in Progress in Development Studies, 2(1), pp.5-22. Available online also at: http://www.uvm.edu/~bgreene1/Bibliography2014/Topic08/MercerNGOsCivilSocDem.pdf [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Marler-Kennedy, K.G. (2010). “Social Memory and Nineteenth-Century British Historical Fiction”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Houston, Texas: Rice University. Available online also at: https://scholarship.rice.edu/bitstream/handle/1911/70338/Marler-KennedyK.pdf?sequence=1 [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Mason, Richard & Ariffin Omar. (2003). “The Bumiputra Policy: Dynamics and Dilemmas” in Kajian Malaysia, Vol.21(1-2). Available online also at: http://web.usm.my/km/KM%2021,2003/21-i.pdf [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Mundayat, Aris Arif, Pitra Narendra & Budi Irawanto. (2012). “State and Civil Society Relationships in Indonesia” in PCD Jurnal, Vol.1, No.1 and 2.

Olive, C.J.E. (2009). “Self-Actualization in the Lives of Medieval Female Mystics: An Ethno-Historical Approach” in UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones, 1113. Available online also at: http://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/thesesdissertations/1113 [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Priyono, A.E., S.A. Prasetya & O. Tornquis. (2003). “Floating Democrats” in S.A. Prasetya et al. [eds]. Indonesia's Post-Soeharto Democracy Movement. Jakarta: Demos.

Putra, I Nyoman. (2011). A Literary Mirror: Baliness Reflections on Modernity and Identity in the Twentieth Century. Leiden: KILTV Press.

Rampan, Korrie Layun. (2000). Leksikon Susastra Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Rath, Amanda Katherine. (2011). “Contextualizing ‘Contemporary Art’: Propositions of Critical Artistic Practice in Seni Rupa Kontemporer in Indonesia”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University. Available online also at: file:///C:/Users/acer/Downloads/akr4.pdf [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Romli, Mohamad Guntur. (2009). “Koreksi untuk Saut Situmorang”. Available online at: https://komunitassastra.wordpress.com/2009/06/26/koreksi-untuk-saut-situmorang/ [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Rosamond, Ben. (2016). “Hegemony: Political Science”. Available online at: https://www.britannica.com/topic/hegemony [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Rosidi, Ajip. (1973). “Lampu Merah buat Jassin” in Ajip Rosidi [ed]. Masalah Angkatan dan Periodisasi Sejarah Sastra Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

Saidi, Ridwan. (2008). Lagu Pesisiran: Puisi-puisi Betawi. Jakarta: Bukupop.

Santoso, Purwo. (2015). “Democratization in Indonesia: An Updated Assessment” in Amalinda Savirani & Olle Tornquist [eds]. Reclaiming the State: Overcoming Problems of Democracy in Post-Soeharto Indonesia. Yogyakarta: PolGov Publisher.

Scott, Sir Walter. (1998). The Journal of Sir Walter Scott. Edinburgh: Canongate, edited by W.E.K. Anderson.

Sheffy, Rakefet. (2014). “Strategies of Canonization: Manipulating the Idea of the Novel and the Intellectual Field in Eighteenth Century German Culture”. Unpublished Paper, on 16 April.

Situmorang, Saut. (2007). “Politik Kanonisasi Sastra” in Jurnal Sastra Boemipoetra, Edisi November.

Situmorang, Saut. (2009). Politik Sastra. Yogyakarta: Penerbit SIC.

Stoddart, Mark C.J. (2007). “Ideology, Hegemony, Discourse: A Critical Review of Theories of Knowledge and Power” in Social Thought & Research, Vol.28. Available online also at: https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/bitstream/handle/1808/5226/STARV28A9.pdf;sequence=1 [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Supartono, A. (2000). “LEKRA Vs MANIKEBU: Perdebatan Kebudayaan Indonesia, 1950-1965”. Skripsi Sarjana Tidak Diterbitkan. Jakarta: STF Driyarkarya. Available online also at: http://www.geocities.ws/simpang_kiri/kebudayaan/lekra.pdf [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Suyitno. (2012). Feminisme: Studi Kasus Teks Empat Novel dalam Perspektif Sosiologi Sastra dan Nilai Pendidikan. Surakarta: Penerbit LPP UNS.

Suyitno & Dipa Nugraha. (2014). “Canonization of Four Indonesian Contemporary Novels Written in the 21st Century: Questioning Public Recognition and Acceptance towards the Ideas of Feminism” in Journal of Language and Literature, 5(1).

Swirski, Peter. (1999). “Popular and Highbrow Literature: A Comparative View” in CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture, 1(4).

Teherani, Arianne. (2015). “Choosing a Qualitative Research Approach” in Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 7(4), December. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4675428/ [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 2 March 2017].

Teeuw, A. (1972). “The Impact of Balai Pustaka on Modern Indonesian Literature” in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol.35, No.1, pp.111-127.

Utami, Ayu. (2005). Saman. Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Venayaksa, Firman. (2014). “Rekayasa Sastra”. Unpublished Paper, on 2 June.

Vidiyanti, Made Oktavia. (2008). “Kanonisasi Sastra Indonesia di Tengah Arus Multikulturalisme dan Feminisme: Implikasi terhadap Pengajaran Sastra”. Makalah disajikan dalam Konferensi Internasional Kesusastraan XLX di Batu, Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia.

Weberman, David. (2001). “Gadamer's Hermeneutis, Non-Intentionalism, and the Underdeterminedness of Aesthetic Properties”. Paper presented in the APA Pacific Meeting in San Francisco, United States of America.

Wijaya, Adi. (2013). “Menggugat SMS (Sastra Madzhab Selangkangan)” in newspaper of Harian Fajar.

Wilson, C.A. (2017). “Jane Austen and the Victorian Heroine”. Available online at: file:///C:/Users/acer/Downloads/9783319629643-c2.pdf [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 17 June 2017].

www.penerbitkpg.com [accessed in Solo, Indonesia: 15 January 2017].

Zain, Qinimain. (2007). “Strategi Paradigma Baru Kongres Cerpen Indonesia V: Studi Kasus Polemik Ukuran Nilai Sastra”. Unpublished Paper.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

 

View My Stats