Increasing the Value of Mutual Cooperation and Students’ Conceptual Understanding on Cooperative Learning Model through the Performing Art of Gotong Sisingaan

Dadang Iskandar, Acep Roni Hamdani

Abstract


ABSTRACT: This research is to increase the value of mutual cooperation among students and the ability of students in understanding the concepts about coperative learning model in Social Studies education. One of the solutions to solve the problem is done by applying cooperative learning model through the performing art of “gotong sisingaan” (toy lion). The art of gotong sisingaan is a form of local wisdom that is full of noble values and is the core value of the mental revolution, namely the value of mutual cooperation. The research was conducted at the SDN (Public Elementary School) Barulaksana, Lembang, West Bandung Regency; SDN Manggahang 1, Bale Endah, Bandung Regency; and SDN Serangsari, Cipunagara, Subang Regency in West Java Province, Indonesia, on Social Studies subjects in class V about the Diversity of Ethnic and Cultural Groups. The method is quasi experiment with the instruments research: test, observation, interview, documentation study, and questionnaire. The results showed that the model of cooperative learning can improve understanding of concepts and values of mutual cooperation of students in all experiment class. The art of “gotong sisingaan can become the media to improve the students' understanding of the Social Studies concept through the mutual cooperative learning.

KEY WORD: Mutual Cooperation Value; Conceptual Understanding; Cooperative Learning; Performing Art of Gotong Sisingaan; Students of Elementary School. 

RESUME: “Meningkatkan Nilai Gotong-Royong dan Pemahaman Konseptual Siswa tentang Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif melalui Seni Pertunjukan Gotong Sisingaan”. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan nilai kerja sama antara siswa dan kemampuan siswa dalam memahami konsep tentang model pembelajaran kooperatif dalam pendidikan IPS (Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial). Salah satu solusi untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan tersebut adalah dengan menerapkan model pembelajaran kooperatif melalui seni pertunjukan gotong sisingaan. Seni gotong sisingaan adalah bentuk kearifan lokal yang penuh dengan nilai-nilai luhur dan merupakan nilai inti dari revolusi mental, yaitu nilai gotong-royong. Penelitian dilakukan di SDN (Sekolah Dasar Negeri) Barulaksana, Lembang, Kabupaten Bandung Barat; SDN Manggahang 1, Bale Endah, Kabupaten Bandung; dan SDN Serangsari, Cipunagara, Kabupaten Subang di Provinsi Jawa Barat, Indonesia, pada mata pelajaran IPS di kelas V tentang Keanekaragaman Kelompok Etnis dan Budaya. Metodenya adalah quasi eksperimen dengan instrumen penelitian: test, observasi, wawancara, studi dokumentasi, dan kuesioner. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa model pembelajaran kooperatif dapat meningkatkan pemahaman konsep dan nilai gotong-royong siswa di semua kelas eksperimen. Seni gotong sisingaan bisa menjadi media untuk meningkatkan pemahaman siswa tentang konsep pendidikan Ilmi Sosial melalui pembelajaran kooperatif.

KATA KUNCI: Nilai Gotong-Royong; Pemahaman Konsep; Pembelajaran Kooperatif; Seni Pertunjukan Gotong Sisingaan; Murid Sekolah Dasar.

  

About the Authors: Dr. H. Dadang Iskandar and Acep Roni Hamdani, M.Pd. are the Lecturers at the Study Program of Teacher Education for Elementary School FKIP UNPAS (Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Pasundan University), Jalan Wartawan IV No.22 Kota Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Corresponding authors are: dang_isk@unpas.ac.id and acepronihamdani@unpas.ac.id

Suggested Citation: Iskandar, Dadang & Acep Roni Hamdani. (2017). “Increasing the Value of Mutual Cooperation and Students’ Conceptual Understanding on Cooperative Learning Model through the Performing Art of Gotong Sisingaan” in SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Volume 10(2), November, pp.223-244. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press and UNIPA Surabaya, ISSN 1979-0112.

Article Timeline: Accepted (July 3, 2017); Revised (September 25, 2017); and Published (November 30, 2017).


Keywords


Mutual Cooperation Value; Conceptual Understanding; Cooperative Learning; Performing Art of Gotong Sisingaan; Students of Elementary School

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