The Policy Planning in Providing Teacher Adequacy for Primary Schools in the Local Government

Suroso Suroso

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Adequacy of primary school teachers is very important to support education for all. The objective of the research is to analyse and develop a plan for a public policy of teacher adequacy for state primary schools. This research used a descriptive-quantitative approach. Data collection was conducted by using observation and interview. There are six main findings in the research. One of the important things is that the model of planning policy for teacher adequacy based on class can be adopted by other local governments by incorporating two factors: total schools (S) and total classes (C), and using the formula of nC + 2S.  The planning policy model for teacher adequacy based on students can also be adopted by other local governments by incorporating the total students (S) and student ratio value to teacher (21:1) by using the formula of S/21.  Therefore, planners should conduct policy planning analysis for teacher adequacy of state primary schools in the local government by using two perspective analyses simultaneously to ensure teacher adequacy and manage effective and efficient distribution of teachers.

KEY WORD: Teacher Adequacy; Policy Planning; Local Government; Effective and Efficient Distribution; Primary School. 

ABSTRAKSI: “Perencanaan Kebijakan dalam Penyediaan Kecukupan Guru Sekolah Dasar di Daerah”. Kecukupan guru sekolah dasar sangat penting untuk mendukung pendidikan bagi semua. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa dan mengembangkan model perencanaan bagi kebijakan kecukupan guru sekolah dasar negeri. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif-kuantitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik observasi dan wawancara. Ada enam temuan utama dalam penelitian ini. Salah satu yang terpenting adalah bahwa model kebijakan perencanaan kecukupan guru berbasis kelas dapat diadopsi oleh pemerintah daerah lain dengan mengakomodasi 2 faktor: jumlah sekolah (S) dan jumlah kelas (C), dengan menggunakan rumus nC + 2S. Model kebijakan perencanaan kecukupan guru berbasis murid dapat juga diadopsi oleh pemerintah daerah lain dengan mengakomodasi faktor jumlah murid (M) dan nilai rasio murid terhadap guru (21:1), dengan menggunakan rumus M/21. Oleh karena itu, perencana sebaiknya melaksanakan analisa kebijakan perencanaan untuk kecukupan guru sekolah dasar negeri di daerah dengan menggunakan dua perspektif analisis tersebut secara simultan untuk menjamin kecukupan guru, dan pengelolaan efektivitas dan efisiensi distribusi guru.

KATA KUNCI: Kecukupan Guru; Perencanaan Kebijakan; Pemerintah Daerah; Efektivitas dan Efisiensi Distribusi; Sekolah Dasar.

About the Author: Dr. Suroso is a Researcher at the Office of Research and Development, Pati Regency, Jalan Panglima Sudirman No.26 Pati, Central Java, Indonesia. For academic interests, the author is able to be contacted via his e-mails at: suroso_peneliti@yahoo.co.id and surosopati321@gmail.com

How to cite this article? Suroso. (2017). “The Policy Planning in Providing Teacher Adequacy for Primary Schools in the Local Government” in MIMBAR PENDIDIKAN: Jurnal Indonesia untuk Kajian Pendidikan, Vol.2(1) March, pp.95-108. Bandung, Indonesia: UPI [Indonesia University of Education] Press, ISSN 2527-3868 (print) and 2503-457X (online).

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (September 29, 2016); Revised (January 29, 2017); and Published (March 30, 2017).


Keywords


Teacher Adequacy; Policy Planning; Local Government; Effective and Efficient Distribution; Primary School

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