Penerapan Metode Latihan Keterampilan Psikologis untuk Meningkatan Kinerja Wasit Sepakbola

Deni Mudian, Komarudin Komarudin

Abstract


RINGKASAN: Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui penerapan metode latihan keterampilan psikologis, berupa latihan relaksasi, imagery, dan relaksasi-imagery, yang dapat memberi pengaruh signifikan terhadap peningkatan kinerja wasit dalam memimpin pertandingan sepakbola. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap wasit Pengcab PSSI (Pengurus Cabang Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia) Kabupaten Subang, Jawa Barat. Metode penelitian adalah eksperimen dengan instrumen pengumpulan data berupa form penilaian wasit dari FIFA (Federasi Persatuan Sepakbola Dunia), yang digunakan oleh PSSI untuk mengukur kinerja wasit dalam memimpin pertandingan sepakbola. Kesimpulan menyatakan bahwa metode latihan keterampilan psikologis, berupa latihan relaksasi, memberi pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kinerja wasit dalam memimpin pertandingan sepakbola; metode latihan keterampilan psikologis, berupa latihan imagery, memberi pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kinerja wasit dalam memimpin pertandingan sepakbola; dan metode latihan keterampilan psikologis, berupa latihan relaksasi-imagery, memberi pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kinerja wasit dalam memimpin pertandingan sepakbola. Metode latihan keterampilan psikologis rileksasi-imagery lebih memberi pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kinerja wasit dalam memimpin pertandingan sepakbola. PSSI dan Komisi Wasit disarankan agar memberikan latihan keterampilan psikologis pada setiap sesi latihan, karena ianya sangat penting untuk meningkatkan kinerja wasit dalam memimpin pertandingan sepakbola.

KATA KUNCI: Penerapan Metode; Latihan Keterampilan Psikologis; Kinerja Wasit; Memimpin Pertandingan; Permainan Sepakbola. 

ABSTRACT: “The Application of Psychological Skills Training Methods to Increase the Referee Performance in Leading the Football Game”. This study is to know the application of psychological skills training methods, such as relaxation exercises, imagery, and relaxation-imagery, that can provide a significant effect on performance the referee to improve in leading the football game. Research was conducted on the referee of Pengcab PSSI (Branch Committee of Indonesian Football Association) in Subang Regency, West Java. Research method is an experimental with instrument to collect the data is the referee assessment form of FIFA (Federation of International Football Association) that used by the PSSI to measure the performance of referee in leading a football game. The conclusion stated that a method of psychological skills training, such as relaxation exercises, is significant influence on the performance of referee in leading a football game; psychological skills training method, such as imagery exercises, is significant influence on the performance of referee in leading a football game; and psychological skills training method, such as relaxation-imagery exercises, is significant influence on the performance of the referee in leading a football game. The psychological skills training methods of relaxation-imagery is more significant influence on the performance of the referee in leading a football game. Suggestions for the PSSI and Referee Commission should be to provide psychological skills training in every session, due to it is crucial to improve the performance of referee in leading a football game.

KEY WORD: Method Application; Psychological Skills Training; Referee Performance; Leading the Match; Football Game.

  

About the Authors: Deni Mudian adalah Mahasiswa Pascasarjana SPs UPI (Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia), Jalan Dr. Setiabudhi No.229 Bandung 40154, Jawa Barat, Indonesia; dan Dr. Komarudin adalah Dosen SPs UPI Bandung. Untuk kepentingan akademik, penulis dapat dihubungi dengan alamat emel: mudiandeni@gmail.com dan komarudin_pko@yahoo.com

How to cite this article? Mudian, Deni & Komarudin. (2015). “Penerapan Metode Latihan Keterampilan Psikologis untuk Meningkatan Kinerja Wasit Sepakbola” in ATIKAN: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan, Vol.5(2) December, pp.179-190. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2088-1290.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (December 3, 2015); Revised (December 15, 2015); and Published (December 30, 2015).


Keywords


Penerapan Metode; Latihan Keterampilan Psikologis; Kinerja Wasit; Memimpin Pertandingan; Permainan Sepakbola

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arikunto, Suharsimi. (1998). Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Yogyakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Birrer, G. & G. Morgan. (2010). “Psychological Skills Training as Away to Enhance an Athlete’s Performance in High Intensity Sports” dalam Journal of Medical Science Sports, 20(2), hlm.78-87.

Cohen, L. (2007). Research Methods in Education. New York: Madison Avenue.

Cox, R.H. (1985). Sport Psychology. Iowa: W.M.C. Brown Publisher.

Cratty, B.J. (1973). Psychology in Contemporary Sport. New York: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Decety, J., B. Philippon & D.H. Ingvar. (1988). “CBF Landscapes during Motor Performance and Motor Ideation of a Graphic Gesture” dalam European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences, 238, hlm.33-38.

Durand-Bush, J. & J. Salmela. (2002). “The Development and Maintenace of Experts Athlete Performance: Perceptions of World and Olympic Champions” dalam Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 14, hlm.154-171.

Fraenkel, J.R., N.E. Wallen & H.H. Hyun. (2011). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. New York: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data, McGraw Hill.

Gunarsa, S.D. (2002). “Sumbangan Psikologi bagi Dunia Olahraga” dalam Supratiknya, Faturrochman & S. Haryanto [eds]. Tantangan Psikologi Menghadapi Milenluin Baru. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Pembina Fakultas Psikologi UGM [Universitas Gadjah Mada].

Harsono. (1988). Coaching dan Aspek-aspek Psikologi dalam Coaching. Bandung: CV Tambak Kusuma.

Hawari, D. (2008). Manajemen Stres, Cemas, dan Depresi. Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran UI [Universitas Indonesia].

Hidayat, Y. (2011). Psikologi Olahraga. Bandung: FPOK UPI [Fakultas Pendidikan Olahraga dan Kesehatan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia].

Komarudin. (2013). Psikologi Olahraga. Bandung: Penerbit PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Lane, Andy. (2001). Sport and Exercise Psychology. London: Hodder Education.

Loehr, G. (1986). Mental Thoughness Training for Sport. Lexington, Massachusetts: The Stephen Grennes Press.

Mangkunegara, A.P. (2000). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosda Karya.

Murphy, Shane. (2005). The Sport Psychology Handbook. A Complete Guide to Today’s Best Mental Training Technique. New York: Human Kinetics.

PSSI [Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia]. (2007a). Form Penilaian Wasit. Jakarta: Sekretariat PSSI.

PSSI [Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia]. (2007b). Kriteria dan Syarat-syarat Wasit. Jakarta: Sekretariat PSSI.

Ramezaninejad, R. et al. (2012). “A Factor Analysis of Variables Related to Aggression of Football Spectators from Referees’ Points of View in Iran” dalam Sport Management Review, 13(4), hlm.201-214.

Rushall, B. (2008). Mental Skill Training for Sport. New York: Sport Science Associates.

Setyobroto, S. (1989). Psikologi Olahraga. Jakarta: Penerbit AKA [Anam Kosong Anam].

Sheard Michael & Jim Golby. (2006). “Effect of a Psychological Skills Training Program on Swimming Performance and Positive Psychological Development”. Tersedia secara online di: http://mikesheard.co.uk/wp/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Effect-of-a-psychological-skills-training-program-on-swimming-performance-and-positive-psychological-development.pdf [diakses di Bandung, Indonesia: 20 Mei 2015].

Spielberger, C.D. (1985). Anxiety: Current Trends in Theory and Research. New York: Academic Press.

Sugiyono. (2009). Statistik untuk Penelitian. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suryanto. (2012). “Identifikasi Kondisi Psikologis (Mental) Wasit Junior Cabang Olahraga Panahan di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta” dalam Jurnal PJKR: Pendidikan Jasmani, Kesehatan, dan Rekreasi, Vol.1(1). Yogyakarta: Jurusan PJKR FIK Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Schwabe, G. & C. Go. (2005). “Mobile Learning with a Mobile Game: Design and Motivational Effects” dalam Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 21, hlm.204-216.

Tijono & Anatasia. (1996). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia untuk Bisnis yang Kompetitif. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Vealey, Hayasi et al. (1998). “Sourcing of Sport Confidence” dalam Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, Vol.2(1).

Wahyudi, D. (2013). “Bunuh Pemain: Wasit Dimutilasi Penonton di Lapangan”. Tersedia secara online di: http: // sport. detik. com/ sepakbola/ read/ 2013/ 07/ 07/ 042357/ 2294706/ 73/ [diakses di Bandung, Indonesia: 12 April 2015].

Wibowo, H.T. (2013). “Diintimidasi: Wasit Pukul dan Usir Pemain”. Tersedia secara online. di http://bola.viva.co.id/news/read/453807-diintimidasi--wasit-ini-pukul-dan-usir-pemain [diakses di Bandung, Indonesia: 12 April 2015].

Yuli, S. (2008). Wasit dan Kriteria Wasit, Berikut Syarat-syarat Menjadi Wasit. Bandung: Sekretariat PSSI [Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia].

Zuriah. (2006). Metodologi Penelitian Sosial dan Pendidikan: Teori – Aplikasi. Jakarta: Penerbit PT Bumi Raya.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
ATIKAN: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats